Renewable polymer

For over 70 years, Arkema has been a leading innovator in both monomer and polymer production from castor oil feedstock. Currently, Polymer Phases has access to a well equipped laboratory facility. The journal covers all aspects of polymer synthesis, including polymerization mechanisms and chemical functional transformations, with a focus on novel polymers and the relationships between molecular structure and polymer properties. They can also be produced in high enough volume to be economically useful. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biopolymers produced by a broad range of prokaryotes from renewable resources. We welcome submissions on polymer hybrids, nanocomposites, characterisation and self-assembly. There are many different kinds of polymer materials, including cellulose, natural or biopolymers, silicones and plastics. The Editor, Professor Karlsson says “Polymers from Renewable Resources is the place for publishing all the exciting new research and development that strives to make tomorrow’s sustainable polymeric materials by the replacement of fossil based resources with renewable ones”. Some plastics have always been made from renewable materials such as cellulose acetate used for screwdriver handles and gift ribbon. Rheology Arkema is a world leader in ultra high performance polymers that are bio-based / renewable. ENSO RENEW - Renewable biopolymer used as a standalone polymer or as a polymer replacement for PE and PP. This award is presented annually. . In this section, we will look at the scopes of polymer engineering in renewable energy and sustainability. Polymer Building Blocks Elevance Inherent ® C18 Diacid. Such development and understanding of renewable polymer systems may help to hasten future competition with petroleum-based adhesives. A polymer fractal. The percentage of renewable carbon in a material (solid or liquid) can be measured with an accelerator mass spectrometer. Polymers from Renewable Resources: A Perspective for a Special Issue of Polymer Reviews. Recently, issues surrounding the non-sustainable nature of these materials and negative environmental impacts associated with their petroleum sources as well as their indiscriminate disposal has led to a resurgence in sustainable polymer efforts from renewable resource, green chemistry, recyclability, and (bio)degradation perspectives. Defoamer . The polymers used today in dispersions are derived from non-renewable crude oil. Department Avantium aims to become market leader in the production and marketing of furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) which is produced from renewable  The sound absorption coefficient (α) at different frequency range revealed that the renewable polymer foam of 10. PLA has the properties and value to create a viable business opportunity that will enable Cargill Dow to create new market opportunities. renewable polymer based on waste vegetable oil were synthesized and crosslink with commercial polymethane polyphenyl isocyanate. When the building blocks can be made more economically from renewable materials than from fossil fuels, either old plastics find new raw materials or new plastics are introduced. In this work, the interactions between natural "This pioneering collaboration with LyondellBasell marks a major milestone in the commercialization of Neste's renewable polymers and chemicals business focusing on developing renewable and – Majority of polymer – Allow PSA to flow and wet surfaces – Range: T g ≤ -40 °C • Hard Monomers – Provide adhesive and cohesive strength – Range: T g ≥ 30 °C • Functional Monomers – Charged groups for stability – Means of crosslinking Renewable Resources . In particular, monomers such as carbon dioxide, terpenes,  Through the second route, renewable polymers are isolated from natural biopolymers or synthesized from biobased monomers. Advances in Renewable Energy Advances in Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Coatings Technology Advances in Solar Cell Materials and Storage Astrobiology Perspectives on Life of the Universe Biomedical Science, Engineering, and Technology Diatoms: Biology and Applications Energy and the Environment Handbook of Petroleum Engineering Series Renewable PLA Polymer Gets 'Green Light' For Packaging Uses Polylactic acid, first synthesized a half-century ago, has finally arrived as an alternative to PET, HIPS, PVC, and cellulosics in some high-clarity packaging roles. pp. 394-396. Abstract. Gruber. This post will focus on technologies for conversion of biomass to renewable BTX as a source of renewable polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET), as well as many other valuable polymers and chemicals that are so much a part of life in the modern world (Figure 1). Polymer is an interdisciplinary journal dedicated to publishing innovative and significant advances in Polymer Physics, Chemistry and Technology. It consists of the biodegradable BASF polymer ecoflex® and polylactic acid (PLA), which is derived from renewable resourcs based on sugar. The present article reviews the recent results reported mainly from our group on “green polymer chemistry”. , has introduced a starch-based thermoplastic derived from agricultural waste from potato farming. A. The co-polymer can also be produced as a shrink film for packaging and as a foam for packaging fast foods. Renewable polymer made from renewable material is one of the most important groups of polymer because of their versatility and they can be manufactured in a wide range of insulation and automotive The prevalence of petroleum and carbon based chemistry for the production of organic chemical goods has generated a variety of initiatives aimed at replacing fossil sources with renewable counterparts. Commodity Polymers from Renewable Resources: Polyactic Acid: Considerable international concerns exist about global climate change and   Sep 2, 2012 Renewable energy from polymer. L – laboratory, P – pilot plant, C – commercial # A novel renewable based benzoxazine, 3‐(furan‐2‐ylmethyl)−8‐methoxy‐3,4‐dihydro‐2H‐1,3‐benzoxazine‐6‐formyl (Va‐Bz), has been synthesized from a lignin derived chemical “vanillin” without solvents. This issue of Polymer Reviews focuses on the production and properties of renewable resource polymers and highlights current trends and research directions. LyondellBasell's cracker flexibility allowed it to introduce a new renewable feedstock at its Wesseling, Germany site, which was converted directly into bio-based polyethylene and bio-based polypropylene. Guest Post by Dr. Renewable resource–based polymeric materials should be safe in production and can be recyclable, and their disposal after use should be harmless to the environment. In: Journal of Chemical Education. Brown liquor, the waste product from paper processing, contains lignin derivatives. And NeroPlast® in its most basic form has now been awarded USDA BioPreferred designation. There are growing concerns that a significant reliance on fossil resources is not sustainable for the production of polymers. Renewable Energy 2019 Conference gathers all the global leaders in Energy department to share their research at this exclusionary scientific program, The conference throws light on thought- annoying topics and recent research in the field of Renewable Energy Sustainable Energy , Green Energy and Economy, Advanced Materials for Energy Storage Polymer simply means "a chain of identical molecules linked together". Introduction. Currently, most polymeric packaging materials are based on non-renewable fossil These polymers should be biodegradable materials derived from naturally  WEB EXCLUSIVE: Enso Plastics, Mesa, Ariz. NREL, Giner Evaluated Polymer Electrolyte Membrane for Maximizing Renewable Energy on Grid Giner collaborated with NREL to evaluate a large-scale polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) stack designed to maximize renewable energy on the grid by converting it to hydrogen when supply exceeds demand. The new method allows direct synthesis of the bio-based polymer P(3-HP) from 3-HP, a commercial monomer that is derived from corn. renewable energy sector. Using renewable food packaging could simplify the waste stream, divert waste from landfill and provide renewable low-carbon energy. So adding NeroPlast ® or any competitively priced filler to a compound saves money. Presents the synthesis, technology and processing details of a large range of polymers derived from renewable resources. In particular, major efforts are being conducted in polymer science and technology to prepare macromolecular materials based on renewable resources. 1. Since 3-HP can be derived from biological sources, the resulting material, poly(3-hydroxypropionic acid) or P(3-HP), is biorenewable. Carbohydrates such as  Aug 27, 2018 The use of polymeric materials from renewable resources has a long history, with naturally occurring polymers being among the first materials  Polymers from Renewable Resources, launched in 2010, publishes leading peer reviewed research that is focused on the development of renewable polymers  Polymers from Renewable Resources, launched in 2010, publishes leading research that is focused on the development of renewable polymers and their  Nov 1, 2012 Scientists from the USA and China report on the development of monomers and polymers from terpenes, terpenoids, and rosin. The renewable polymer foam was compressed by using hot com pression moulding technique at 90 oC based on the evaporation of volatile matter and known as compressed renewable polym er (CRP). Subsequently, suitable formulation techniques are discussed and we conclude with recent examples and an outlook to potential future applications. These Abstract. The degradation of a bio-renewable polymer under UV exposure was studied using various methods. The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. Renewable Energy, Biomedical, and Functional Polymers Are High-growth Opportunities The keynote address at a recent Ohio Legislative Luncheon highlighted the fact that polymers are Ohio’s largest manufacturing industry, represent the base material used by other major industries in the state, and must be healthy and growing if the state is to Synvina is a 100% owned company of Avantium. Non-renewable materials, including materials for energy sources, are those which take a long time to renew and are generally used faster than they can be regenerated. With the rapid increase in the Such cross-linking and molecular weight effects were seen to alter the balance of adhesive and cohesive interactions. WILLIAMS1 AND MARC A. Thus, the objective of this research is to develop a renewable, high-performance engineering thermoplastic to replace current petroleum-based materials. -X. Emulsifier . Purchase Monomers, Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources - 1st Edition. With the CAGR of X. An environmentally benign coating system is demonstrated using plant oils as the starting Renewable and cheap materials in electrodes could meet the need for low-cost, intermittent electrical energy storage in a renewable energy system if sufficient charge density is obtained. ORNL researchers invent tougher plastic with 50 percent renewable content View a hi-res version of this image ORNL’s tough new plastic is made with 50 percent renewable content from biomass. Renewable materials are those which can be manufactured or generated quickly enough to keep pace with how fast they are used up. Biopolymers are one such inexhaustible material. In this project, use innovative measurements to optimize existing materials synthesis and discover new routes to polymers from renewable feedstocks by providing characterization methods that can describe the mechanisms and of enzymatic catalysis of polymers from renewable feedstocks and synthetic method innovations. The Center for Sustainable Polymers (CSP) integrates sustainability issues that focus on the science and technology of polymeric materials into research, education, and public outreach initiatives. Degradation of the bio-renewable polymer increased with  Jun 18, 2019 The joint project used Neste's renewable hydrocarbons derived from of Neste's renewable polymers and chemicals business focusing on  Aqueous polymer dispersions are used for coating of paper/board to provide barrier The polymers used today in dispersions are derived from non- renewable  Oct 24, 2018 Solvay has decided to devote recently acquired renewable energy certificates ( RECs) to its Specialty Polymers activity in the United States. To do this, researchers are working to develop polymers that, when compared with their non-sustainable counterparts: use renewable feedstocks, such as plants, for production We synthesized a series of plant-based and renewable, eugenol-modified polystyrene (PEUG#) (# = 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100, in which # is the molar content of the eugenol moiety in the side group). In recent years we have developed chemistry to take renewable chemicals or waste streams and chemically manipulate them in a green manner to make feedstocks that are suitable for polymer synthesis. The development of polymers from sustainable renewable feedstocks poses key Environmental Friendly Polymer Materials for Sustainable Development Call for Papers. 10 Sources of Confusion and Common Pitfalls – Section: “Could My Extra NMR Signals Come from a Mixture of Compounds,” pp. In its growth, it's treated with minimal fertilizer and later, processed in facilities that are run entirely on renewable power, making SweetFoam the planet's first carbon negative EVA polymer. Polymer cathodes can be This Lectureship recognises early-stage career researchers, within 15 years of their PhD, who have made a significant contribution to the field of polymer chemistry. The clean energy industry generates hundreds of billions in economic activity, and is expected to continue to grow rapidly in the coming years. Nominations open in late autumn and close in mid winter. Go green, go natural! When it comes to polymers, green and natural are not the same. This project will develop a catalytic process to manufacture a new renewable and degradable bio-plastic that could be used to replace polyethylene in many applications, including those that constitute a large part of land and ocean litter such as bags, food packaging and disposable tableware. Figure 1 This cup is made from PLA and another polymer, a polyester made from butane-1,4-diol reacting with two acids, benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (terephthalic acid) and hexanedioic acid (adipic acid). The new polymer is called ABL, and it has lots of perks. As their name implies, natural polymers (or biopolymers) are polymers that occur naturally or are produced by living organisms (such as cellulose, silk, chitin, protein, DNA). Renewable materials. 0 % fillers shows highest α of 0. , is aiming to help reduce CO2 emissions while  This article reviews recent advances in polymer blends and composites from renewable resources, and introduces a number of potential applications for this  Centre for Sustainable Polymers is researching ways to reduce dependence on The point is to take renewable resources and create something useful that has  . Such a sequence is called the primary structure of the biopolymer. Polymer resin is expensive. Called Renew   Whether you are a customer looking for the latest news about NPS products or a first-time visitor curious about our unique bio-fiber fillers, we trust you will find  Read chapter 11. is a research chemical company incorporated in the State of Pennsylvania. Wageningen Food & Biobased Research is involved in research and development of biobased materials and products. Some example topics include: Polymer synthesize, structural design and novel processing of renewable polymer composites Renewable polymers have attracted extensive research interest as substitutes for fossil fuel-based materials because they are sustainable and biodegradable. To the best of TDA's knowledge the polymer has never been made outside TDA. There is an important difference between biodegradability and biobased content. Renewable energy sources, more efficient and clean use of energy, especially in urban areas, new concepts of energy efficient and cleaner transport:theobjective is to develop energy efficient technologies that reduce demand for fossil fuels by stimulating energy efficient behaviour in disparate user communities and bring about energy savings of 12% by 2010, as well as to tilt the energy A clean energy revolution is taking place across America, underscored by the steady expansion of the U. The method uses a single vessel reactor for simple synthesis and rapid scale up. • New polymer from renewable, non-food source plant feedstock (lignocellulose) Product Patent issued for composition of matterand process •Compostable • Reduces landfill volume • Degrades rapidly •LDPEReplacement • Films (wrappers, plastic bags) • Coatings • Pellets, fibers • Fibers Biodegradable Polymer from a Biofuel Waste PTF: 100% RENEWABLE POLYESTER WITH SUPERIOR BARRIER PERFORMANCE 8 Polytrimethylene Furandicarboxylate (PTF) A novel polyester made from FDME and Bio-PDO™ (1,3-propanediol) Superior gas barrier properties Recyclable polymer 100% renewable polymer Provides lightweighting and smarter packaging More packaging with recycled materials Enables use Traditional adhesives, usually petroleum-based and often intended for a single use, present a sticky situation for sustainability. VISION Polymer Phases’ vision is to provide renewable “drop in” raw materials to manufacturers of plastic articles, construction products, coatings and adhesives. The decision is based on a growing global market demand for low-carbon solutions in transport and cities, aviation, polymers and chemicals. Characteristic important aspects of green polymer chemistry include herein, typically (1) using renewable resources as starting materials for polymer production, and (2) employing green method for the polymer synthesis. Make your everyday exceptional. E. , is aiming to help reduce CO 2 emissions while being bio-renewable. Of all of the potential products made from annually renewable resources, polylactic acid is currently the most interesting. Print Book & E-Book. The ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber compound is made from a polymer produced from sugarcane-based feedstock. This ASTM D6400 certified bio-resin is made from agricultural waste material, is fully edible, home and industrial compostable, marine degradable and is semi-water soluble. The all-out transition toward renewable resources for polymer production is inevitable. Read More / Sustainable polymers in the organic chemistry laboratory : Synthesis and characterization of a renewable polymer from δ-decalactone and l-lactide. An independent third party tested the polymer products using carbon tracers and confirmed they contained over 30% renewable content. The same applies to plastics and polymers. They are the only family of „bioplastics“ entirely produced AND degraded by living cells! PHAs: a Sustainable Solution! The industrial implementation of PHAs has two major impacts: •in replacing petrol based plastics Polymer Phases, Inc. HILLMYER2. Likewise, they are often compostable in the sense that the A sustainable polymer is a plastic material that addresses the needs of consumers without damaging our environment, health, and economy. Chen. LEC provides technical and business expertise in bioenergy, biofuels and renewable chemicals, through its 100+ members, worldwide. A bioplastic such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE) can be 100% biobased (i. Find out if your business and our process are compatible. WilsonEugene Y. The new materials, concepts, and utilizations that result from these efforts will shape the future of polymers from renewable resources. e. The company offers polyethylene furanoate (PEF), a biobased and recyclable polymer that is used in various applications, such as packaging of soft drinks, water, alcoholic beverages, fruit juices, and food and non-food products. This perspective article examines the state of the art regarding the field of polymers from renewable resources and attempts to give a critical appraisal of the situation related to a representative number of specific materials, in terms of their interest, present degree of advancement, and prospective development within short- and medium-term projections. A sugarcane-based polymer from Freudenberg-NOK Sealing Technologies, Plymouth, Mich. Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric . Jedediah F. Many polymer materials are natural, existing in biological entities and in use for many years. SYNTHESIS OF A RENEWABLE RESOURCE BLOCK COPOLYMER Required Reading Mohrig: Chapter 22. LyondellBasell sold some of the renewable products produced Avantium, a renewable chemicals company, develops and commercializes biobased plastics, chemicals, and fuels. Eugenol is extracted from clove oil. Stretched StateContracted state; 3. Schubert*cd Received 5th June 2007 First published as an Advance The Renewable Polymer market has witnessed growth from USD XX million to USD XX million from 2014 to 2019. The success of the polymer industry will depend on the development of such sustainable polymers . This Special Issue presents a focused collection of leading edge original research and reviews in polymer science related to renewable polymer composites design, processing, modification, functionalization, and application. We have focussed on the use of vegetable oils, flavanoid, glycerol derivatives and aromatic molecules derived from the degradation of lignin. X%, this market is estimated to reach USD XX million in 2026. Bottom line: you pay no more for all the benefits NeroPlast ® brings, and you may well pay less. Audience Researchers and engineers in polymer technology and materials science as well as senior undergraduate and graduate students will find this volume valuable. 963. We used polymer modification reactions to determine the liquid crystal (LC) orientation properties of the polymer A renewable polymer with better properties or lower cost than PS or PET will have a better chance to replace PS or PET in existing or new applications. In this review, we will briefly introduce polymers and monomers, which are of natural origin or derived from renewable sources, and present some of their unique properties. Tackifier . Metzgerb and Ulrich S. Wetting Agent . CHARLOTTE K. However, researchers at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst have redesigned their Geckskin adhesive using renewable materials. 91, No. It is possible that some renewable polymers could be compatible TDA's renewable polymer is neither a polyester, nor a polyamide, nor a polyolefin, and uses an innovative chemistry among synthetic polymers. Renewable unsaturated polyesters were prepared by direct polycondensation of dimethyl itaconate (DMI) with diols, whereas the ring-opening-metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of a DMI derived norbornene led to polynorbornenes. The convention for a nucleic acid sequence is to list the nucleotides as they occur from the 5' end to the 3' end of the polymer chain, where 5' and 3' refer to the numbering of carbons around the ribose ring which participate in forming the phosphate diester linkages of the chain. Polymer dispersions and coatings utilizing these polymers are usually regarded repulpable depending on their composition, which allows the reuse of production waste or material recycling of waste paper [9]. Polymer materials are often created or harvested for a specific purpose depending on the type. Triglyceride molecules from vegetable oils have been considered as important renewable resources, which can be used as biomonomers and be polymerized into biopolymers with properties similar to petroleum -derived monomers and polymers. A survey of the state of the art related to the novel polymer discipline dealing with renewable resources reveals an extremely healthy ferment of activities worldwide involving both academic and industrial actors and covering all aspects of macromolecular science and technology. Cargill Dow LLC. Natural Polymer Thin Films and Their Interactions with Biomacromolecules Chao Wang Abstract Natural polymers from renewable resources have attracted increasing interest as candidates for renewable energy and functional materials. 2014 ; Vol. 131-135. renewable polymer for food packaging. Scopes of Polymer Engineering in Renewable Energy & Sustainability . has launched a reorganisation bid which will see the company establishing a business unit for  Ugi reaction-derived prolyl peptide catalysts grafted on the renewable polymer polyfurfuryl alcohol for applications in heterogeneous enamine catalysis. The energy content of renewable polymers could be recovered by incineration, which would release renewable CO 2. The winner is announced in late winter Neste Corporation has made the final investment decision on additional renewable products production capacity in Singapore. Examples of materials and products we are working on include bioplastics for packaging, casings for consumer electronics, textiles and parts for the automotive industry. Patrick R. ABL is tough, too: It can withstand 10 Plant oil renewable resources as green alternatives in polymer science Michael A. Renewable materials are economical materials, these materials don't go through non-sustainable assets. The thermal degradation and In an endeavor to develop a cheaper and renewable polymer-supported organocatalyst, herein we describe the multicomponent synthesis of furfuryl-containing prolyl pseudo-peptide catalysts and their subsequent utilization in the preparation of PFA-supported catalysts amenable for continuous-flow asymmetric enamine catalysis . Unfortunately, today’s selection of renewable polymeric materials is extremely limited and most are low-performance, low-value materials. It has been a long-term desire to replace polymers from fossil fuels with the more environmentally friendly polymers generated from renewable resources. And since there is a greater volume of lightweight NeroPlast ® in a ton, our filler might even save you more money. Sorona ® 's lush, elegant carpets let you spend every day escaping the ordinary. biodegradable polymer blends and composites from renewable There are many different types of natural fibers as they can be extracted . ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2019 7  Jul 1, 2019 This peer reviewed journal publishes leading research focused on the development of renewable polymers and their applications. Poly (Va‐Bz) has high Tg and excellent thermal and adhesive properties. It's free of fuming solvents like acetone and chloroform, recyclable, and 50 percent renewable. This focus review addresses recent progress on plant oil-based functional polymers and composites. They come with the simple purity you can only find in nature and an untamed softness you wish you could melt into. Table 1. Nonrenewable polymers would be plastics made from crude oil; renewable polymers would be cellulose and lignin in tree trunks European Polymer Journal is dedicated to publishing work on fundamental and applied polymer chemistry and macromolecular materials. They can likewise be created in sufficiently high volume to be monetarily valuable. BASF’s bioplastic is a high-quality, completely compostable polymer. S. Sep 7, 2018 WACKER markets this innovative product class under its new VINNECO® line, encompassing all its polymer products based on renewables. Meier,*a Ju¨rgen O. Difuranic Diols for Renewable Polymers with Pendent Furan Rings. industries we serve. Synvina aims to become market leader in the production and marketing of furandi­carboxylic acid (FDCA), which is produced from renewable resources, as well as the marketing of the new polymer polyethyl­enefuranoate (PEF). We are looking for partnerships with people who want to diversify their product lines and become a greener, more profitable company. Elevance Inherent® C18 Diacid is a long-chain, linear aliphatic diacid that can be used in a broad range of applications as coating additives, cross-linking agents, and specialty monomers in various polymer applications. The environmental friendly polymers contain the polymers or their composites which are either biodegradable or biobased (from renewable resources). Biopolymers are one such renewable material. The prevalence of petroleum and carbon based chemistry for the production of organic chemical goods has generated a variety of initiatives aimed at replacing fossil sources with renewable counterparts. contain 100% renewable carbon), yet be non-biodegradable. This is  Feb 19, 2019 Finnish producer of renewable fuels Neste Corp. Dielectricelastomers are particularly promising Conducting  Apr 20, 2015 A sugarcane-based polymer from Freudenberg-NOK Sealing Technologies, Plymouth, Mich. M; 2. A biopolymer is a normally happening polymer, for example, carbohydrates and proteins. Biomass comes from crops such as  Dec 14, 2016 Renewable resources are used increasingly in the production of polymers. For the last two decades, polymer solar cells (PSCs) have been a cynosure of the photovoltaic community, as evidenced by the growing number of patent applications and scientific publications. P. These options apply to renewable versions of any high-volume, petroleum-based polymer. Biopolymers (also called renewable polymers) are produced from biomass for use in the packaging industry. R. Robert Humphreys. NeroPlast ® fillers are 100% bio-renewable and lightweight, non-abrasive and inexpensive, and yet they absorb virtually no water and tolerate heat so well that they can be used in an extremely broad range of applications. renewable polymers for use in asphalt pavements by utilizing soybean oil through chemical synthesis. The industry is searching for processes and products that are more sustainable. Renewable Myrcene-based UV-curable Monomer and its Copolymers with Acrylated Epoxidized Soybean Oil: Design, Preparation, and Characterization Xuejuan Yang, a Shouhai Li, a,b, * Jianling Xia, a,b, * Jian Song, a Kun Huang, a,b and Mei Li a Renewable materials are sustainable materials, which means, according to the Rutgers University Center for Sustainable Materials, these materials do not use up non-renewable resources. ISBN 9780080453163, 9780080560519 Description. Feb 26, 2018 The heating of a levulinic acid and pentaerythritol 4:3 mixture with Sb2O3 catalyst at 23–210 °C gives poly(levulinic acid–pentaerythritol). The composition of TDA's polymer is novel, biomimetic and the intellectual property belongs to TDA. ester derived from completely renewable resources such as corn and sugar beets. Added Value Renewable Polymer Projects, Q1 – Q2, 2017, Chemical and Engineering News, Chemical Engineering Progress. renewable polymer

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